Amnon H. Eden, James H. Moor
7th European Computing And Philosophy conference — ECAP (2–4 Jul. 2009), Barcelona, Spain
Publication year: 2009

At least for some cases, human enhancement, including intelligence amplification, can be neither understood nor cogently evaluated It raises two paradoxes:

  1. Intelligence horizon paradox
  2. Value paradox

We demonstrate that it is therefore unclear in what sense strong transhumanism could or should be a well defined goal.